Christ established a Church as we were taught in Matt
hew 16:18. But is this Church that He established
supposed to be catholic/universal? Learn what "catholic" means here.
Christ made it very clear that He intended for the Church he established to be universal. Although Christ never officially uses the word "catholic" or "katholikos" in Scripture, He makes it very known in His description of His Church.
We understand that Christ intended for His Church to be "catholic"/"universal" in verses such as Matthew 28:19-20 and Matthew 16:18.
Matthew 28:19-20 states,
Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age.
Christ calls for His apostles (and their successors) to make disciples of ALL NATIONS until THE VERY END OF AGE. This means that Christ asked for his Church to be all over the world today and forever. This Church would truly be "universal" in both time and place.
Christ also reaffirms this universal Church teaching when established his Church on the rock of Peter in Matthew 16:18 which states:
And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.
Christ explains to Peter here that He will build His Church and the gates of the netherworld will not prevail against it. This means that hell/evil/netherworld will not win/prevail over the Church. That the Church will withstand against the evil that may come and prevail against it. Nothing will be able to defeat the Church that Christ established. This further shows that the Church will remain until "the very end of age" as we were taught in Matthew 28:19-20.
The Church of Christ will prevail and will be all over the world until the very end of age.
More simply put as "Catholic".